Should Financial Institutions Collect a Driver's License during Digital Account Opening?

Note: This Insight Piece is a joint piece written by Narmi and Alloy


Collecting and validating identity documents during digital account opening, such as driver's licenses and passports, has significant upside in fraud prevention but also serious user experience downsides. Further, this fraud prevention vs. user experience tradeoff is different on web browser vs. native (“downloaded”) mobile apps on iOS and Android.

Fraud Prevention and Compliance

The decision to collect or not collect ID documents is as much a compliance question as a fraud prevention question. All financial institutions are required to maintain a "Customer Identification Program" (CIP) that outlines how they verify their prospective customers. While Narmi is not a compliance team and cannot make this decision on for financial institutions, the FFIEC Online BSA Manual is a great resource for understanding how to construct a CIP program.

There are two types of verification a financial institution can employ to verify the "minimum" information the customer is required to provide:

In Narmi’s experience, financial institutions may likely conclude that is both acceptable and advantageous for both risk and user experience reasons to focus on "non-document" verification for most or all prospective customers. If this is the case, collecting and verifying documents is necessary only for edge-case remediation or manual reviews (where non-document verification does not fully verify the identity of the applicant).

User Experience: Native (Mobile Apps) vs. Web (Desktop and Mobile Browsers)

When account opening providers show demonstrations of automated document collection and verification, in almost every case these demos are on "native" or "downloaded" mobile applications from the iOS or Android app stores. These demos look smooth and simple because on "native" applications, you will be able to:

Unfortunately, none of this is reliably possible on web browsers (Chrome, Safari, Firefox, etc) that customers actually use to open accounts. The exception is that if you have natively built in-application account opening.

Therefore, the experience on web browsers is less than ideal:

All of this is a huge challenge, and it requires meticulous attention to detail on the front end of your web account opening form to get into even a "passable" state.


Requiring ID document collection on web based account opening experiences increases applicant drop-off by a significant amount (contact us for statistics). Attempting to automatically verify these documents can increase drop-off even further if not implemented perfectly. The additional lift in fraud prevention, if already using a robust set of non-document verification data sources, is also negligible.